Inserm, Institut national de la santé et de la recherche médicale
Faculté de pharmacie, Aix Marseille Université

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Ticagrelor increases adenosine plasma concentration in patients with an acute coronary syndrome.

Bonello L, Laine M, Kipson N, Mancini J, Helal O, Fromonot J, Gariboldi V, Condo J, Thuny F, Frere C, Camoin-Jau L, Paganelli F, Dignat-George F, Guieu R
J Am Coll Cardiol. 2014 Mar 11 ;63(9):872-7

This study aimed to investigate the impact of ticagrelor on adenosine plasma concentration (APC) in acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients.
Ticagrelor is a direct-acting P2Y12-adenosine diphosphate receptor blocker. The clinical benefit of ticagrelor compared with clopidogrel in ACS patients suggests that the drug has non-platelet-directed properties. Animal and in vitro models suggested that the « pleiotropic » properties of ticagrelor may be related to an interaction with adenosine metabolism.
We prospectively randomized 60 ACS patients to receive ticagrelor or clopidogrel. The APC was measured by liquid chromatography. To assess the mechanism of APC variation, we measured adenosine deaminase concentration, adenosine uptake by red blood cells, and cyclic adenosine monophosphate production by cells overexpressing adenosine receptors. The P2Y12-adenosine diphosphate receptor blockade was assessed by the vasodilator-stimulated phosphoprotein index.
Patients receiving ticagrelor had significantly higher APC than patients receiving clopidogrel (1.5 μM [interquartile range : 0.98 to 1.7 μM] vs. 0.68 μM [interquartile range : 0.49 to 0.78 μM] ; p < 0.01). The APC was not correlated with vasodilator-stimulated phosphoprotein (p = 0.16). Serum-containing ticagrelor inhibited adenosine uptake by red blood cells compared with clopidogrel or controls (p < 0.01 for both comparisons). Adenosine deaminase activity was similar in serum of patients receiving clopidogrel or ticagrelor (p = 0.1). Ticagrelor and clopidogrel had no direct impact on adenosine receptors (p = not significant).
Ticagrelor increases APC in ACS patients compared with clopidogrel by inhibiting adenosine uptake by red blood cells.