Inserm, Institut national de la santé et de la recherche médicale
Faculté de pharmacie, Aix Marseille Université

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Outside-in signaling pathway linked to CD146 engagement in human endothelial cells

Anfosso F, Bardin N, Vivier E, Sabatier F, Sampol J, Dignat-George F. J Biol Chem. 2001 Jan 12 ;276(2):1564-9. Impact factor 4.8

Abstract

CD146 (S-Endo 1 Ag or MUC18) is a transmembrane glycoprotein expressed on endothelial cells on the whole vascular tree. CD146 is located at the intercellular junction where it plays a role in the cohesion of the endothelial monolayer. CD146 engagement initiates an outside-in signaling pathway involving the protein tyrosine kinases FYN and FAK as well as paxillin. Here we report that CD146 engagement by its specific monoclonal antibody in human umbilical vein endothelial cells induces a Ca(2+) influx that is sensitive to thapsigargin and EGTA treatment, indicating that CD146 engagement initiates a store-operated calcium mobilization. In addition, biochemical and pharmacological analysis revealed that CD146 engagement initiates the tyrosine phosphorylation of phospholipase C-gamma, Pyk2, and p130(Cas). Pharmacological inhibition of Ca(2+) flux with 1,2-bis(o-aminophenoxy)ethane-N,N,N’,N’-tetraacetic acetoxymethyl ester and EGTA indicated that an increase in Ca(2+) is required for Pyk2 and p130(Cas) tyrosine phosphorylation.

Moreover, a complex association was observed between Pyk2, p130(Cas), and paxillin. These results indicate that CD146 is coupled to a FYN-dependent pathway that triggers Ca(2+) flux via phospholipase C-gamma activation leading subsequently to the tyrosine phosphorylation of downstream targets such as Pyk2, p130(Cas), FAK, and paxillin. In addition to its role in cell-cell adhesion, CD146 is a signaling molecule involved in the dynamics of actin cytoskeleton rearrangement.