Inserm, Institut national de la santé et de la recherche médicale
Faculté de pharmacie, Aix Marseille Université

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Determination of uremic solutes in biological fluids of chronic kidney disease patients by HPLC assay

Calaf R, Cerini C, Génovésio C, Verhaeghe P, Jourde-Chiche N, Bergé-Lefranc D, Gondouin B, Dou L, Morange S, Argilés A, Rathelot P, Dignat-George F, Brunet P, Charpiot P. J Chromatogr B Analyt Technol Biomed Life Sci., 2011, 879:2281-2286.


During chronic kidney disease (CKD), solutes called uremic solutes, accumulate in blood and tissues of patients. We developed an HPLC method for the simultaneous determination of several uremic solutes of clinical interest in biological fluids : phenol (Pol), indole-3-acetic acid (3-IAA), p-cresol (p-C), indoxyl sulfate (3-INDS) and p-cresol sulfate (p-CS). These solutes were separated by ion-pairing HPLC using an isocratic flow and quantified with a fluorescence detection. The mean serum concentrations of 3-IAA, 3-INDS and p-CS were 2.12, 1.03 and 13.03 μM respectively in healthy subjects, 3.21, 17.45 and 73.47 μM in non hemodialyzed stage 3-5 CKD patients and 5.9, 81.04 and 120.54 μM in hemodialyzed patients (stage 5D). We found no Pol and no p-C in any population. The limits of quantification for 3-IAA, 3-INDS, and p-CS were 0.83, 0.72, and 3.2 μM respectively. The within-day CVs were between 1.23 and 3.12% for 3-IAA, 0.98 and 2% for 3-INDS, and 1.25 and 3.01% for p-CS. The between-day CVs were between 1.78 and 5.48% for 3-IAA, 1.45 and 4.54% for 3-INDS, and 1.19 and 6.36% for p-CS. This HPLC method permits the simultaneous and quick quantification of several uremic solutes for daily analysis of large numbers of samples.