Inserm, Institut national de la santé et de la recherche médicale
Faculté de pharmacie, Aix Marseille Université

Accueil » Publications » Communications internationales » CD146 short isoform increases the proangiogenic potential of endothelial (...)

CD146 short isoform increases the proangiogenic potential of endothelial progenitor cells in vitro and in vivo

Kebir A, Harhouri K, Guillet B, Liu JW, Foucault-Bertaud A, Lamy E, Kaspi E, Elganfoud N, Vely F, Sabatier F, Sampol J, Pisano P, Kruithof EK, Bardin N, Dignat-George F, Blot-Chabaud M. Circ Res. 2010 9 ;107(1):66-75. Impact factor 9.5

Abstract

RATIONALE :
CD146, a transmembrane immunoglobulin mainly expressed at the intercellular junction of endothelial cells, is involved in cell-cell cohesion, paracellular permeability, monocyte transmigration and angiogenesis. CD146 exists as 2 isoforms, short (sh) and long (lg), but which isoform is involved remains undefined.

OBJECTIVE :
The recently described role of CD146 in angiogenesis prompted us to investigate which isoform was involved in this process in human late endothelial progenitors (EPCs), with the objective of increasing their proangiogenic potential.

METHODS AND RESULTS :
Immunofluorescence experiments showed that, in subconfluent EPCs, shCD146 was localized in the nucleus and at the migrating edges of the membrane, whereas lgCD146 was intracellular. In confluent cells, shCD146 was redistributed at the apical membrane and lgCD146 was directed toward the junction. In contrast to lgCD146, shCD146 was overexpressed in EPCs as compared to mature endothelial cells and upregulated by vascular endothelial growth factor and SDF-1 (stromal cell-derived factor 1). Study of the properties of both isoforms in vitro provided evidence that shCD146 was involved in EPC adhesion to activated endothelium, migration, and proliferation, with a paracrine secretion of interleukin-8 or angiopoietin 2, whereas lgCD146 was implicated in stabilization of capillary-like structures in Matrigel and transendothelial permeability. In an animal model of hindlimb ischemia, transplantation of shCD146-modified EPCs selectively promoted both EPC engraftment and blood flow.

CONCLUSIONS :
Altogether, these findings establish that CD146 isoforms display distinct functions in vessels regeneration. Selective improvement of therapeutic angiogenesis by shCD146 overexpression suggests a potential interest of shCD146-transduced EPCs for the treatment of peripheral ischemic disease.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20448216